Gout is caused by having higher-than-normal levels of uric acid in your body. Your body may make too much uric acid, or have a hard time getting rid of uric acid. If too much uric acid builds up in the fluid around the joints (synovial fluid), uric acid crystals form. These crystals cause the joint to swell up and become inflamed. The exact cause is unknown. Gout may run in families. It is more common in males, postmenopausal women, and people who drink alcohol. People who take certain medicines, such as hydrochlorothiazide and other water pills, may have higher levels of uric acid in the blood.
I’m sure you all know but this long second toe (longer than your big toe) is called a Morton’s Toe and can be a runner’s nightmare. It can (but not always does) lead to inefficient running and problems with biomechanics (some say it can cause the knee to not track straight when running). It’s important to always measure your feet—both of them. Everyone has one foot that is slightly larger than the other and trying to squeeze the larger foot into a shoe that is too small—can create problems. Always choose the size based on your larger foot,” says Karlheinz (Heinz) Reichl, a certified pedorthist and licensed fitter.
The last bunion treatment is surgery There are different types of surgical procedures that can be performed, and most require 6 to 8 full weeks of recovery. The surgeon may cut the tendon that is pulling the joint out of alignment, then shave off the part of the bone that is protruding. A scar remains with the surgery and the redness of a bunion may still be seen in some cases. In the photo here of one 65-year-old man who had bunion surgery, the amount of correction made still left him with bunions !
Compressing a hardened area of skin on the feet resulting in pain can indicate the presence of corns or calluses. Corns may also get inflamed or infected. Treating corns is important as neglect can lead to problems in the future. Soft corns are regularly confused with athlete’s foot, and are found in between toes, especially in between the fourth and fifth toe. Soft corns are often quite painful and are common in people with bunions Many people tend to develop calluses from running and walking excessively, and performing other athletic activities. This is again due to excessive pressure on the foot.
If calluses obscure developing ulcers, it is even more critical that calluses be managed. One common way for calluses to be managed is shaving the calluses. The American Diabetes Association strongly recommends a professional caregiver such as a podiatrist perform any shaving or “debridement” procedure. Moreover, the procedure must be repeated regularly. The only way to permanently remove a callous is to remove the cause. Hence, unless you are totally sedentary and bedridden, you are likely to have one or more callous on your feet. Calluses do return and return no matter how often you scrape them off. In fact they provide a profitable line of repeat business for pedicurists!