To perform this exercise, grab the forefoot with one hand, behind the big toe joint with the thumb placed on the top of the foot and with the other hand, grab the big toe at the base near the big toe joint. Flex the big toe in an outward direction, and then stabilize the forefoot with the thumb of the first hand and push the big toe upward, without bending the toe. Hold this posture for a count of 10 seconds and repeat the exercise 3 times. Now, in a similar manner push the toe downwards while keeping the toe straight.
Effective treatment for the relief of bunion symptoms should be continued by avoiding irritating the area again by optimizing footwear and maintaining good foot hygiene. For those whose bunions cause chronic pain , a surgical operation is an option. Correcting deformities with surgical procedures can relieve pain leading to improved mobility. Success rates from bunion surgery are high, although there are always risks. Failure to relieve pain can be caused by the big toe reverting back to its deviated position. The correct footwear and proper activity can reduce the chances of surgical failure.
Podiatry can also be called as branch of allied health which is devoted to diagnosis, the prevention and the medical treatment of every disorder of ankle, foot and lower region. These podiatrists are trained to identify these conditions along with treating its biomechanical issues which has led to the injury or have caused decrease in performance. They specialize in every kind of foot related problems which also includes injuries to muscles, joint, ligaments and tendon. They also look after the skin and nail issues like callus, blisters, fungal infections, ingrown toe nails and every systemic disease which manifest itself in the foot like the neurological and diabetes conditions.
An informative way to understand hammer toes is to view them as a vertical bunions (up & down vs. sideways). Both are caused by improper and constant pressure without counterbalancing stretch and exercise program. The pressure results in permanent muscle imbalances in the toe. If muscle balance in your toes is disrupted, your ability to skillfully and safely balance your body is disrupted. Instead of pushing the toe sideways toward the center of the foot as with a bunion, hammer toe pressure is pushing the toe backwards, toward the ball of the foot.
Poses in which you balance on one leg, such as ardha chandrasana (half-moon pose), are the most challenging. They can be extraordinarily difficult for people with bunions, especially because of the tendency for the knee to lock and the arch to collapse from the bunion. The bunion makes the foot very unstable and wobbly, since the bones of the foot are unable to stabilize, and thus we often lock the knee to stabilize the posture—and avoid the needed work in the foot. Instead of succumbing to this habit, practice keeping a microbend in your knee and lift your toes to shift your weight back onto the heel.